Villa Borghese Park – all attractions of Rome in a single location
While visiting Rome, the majority of people wants to see the Coliseum and other well-known attractions of the Italian capital. At the very same time, people simply forget about the local parks and gardens. And it’s the biggest mistake! For example, Villa Borghese Park is a real gen for the tourists, who don’t have a lot of free time during their visit to Rome. This park offers a wide range of galleries, museums, sculptures, and other attractions. In order to see all of them you will need a full day, but it’s really worth it.
Villa Borghese – the dream of an Italian cardinal
The natural park of Villa Borghese is located on the Pincho Hill in Rome. At the beginning of the 17th century, it was used to produce grapes for the local wineries. At that time Cardinal Scipione Borghese decided to make a park and built his residence in this amazing area. The cardinal was a person with architectural talent, and he actively participated in the process of planning and decoration of the park. He invited the best architects of that time, including Flaminio Ponzio and Pietro Bernini.
Borghese created all the drawings of the future villa on his own. He wanted to make it a place for happiness and joy. He really liked the art, and eventually created a vast collection of the paintings and other objects of the contemporary art. Later his villa transformed into a museum, which is open to the public audience.
Villa Borghese Park is a real gen for the tourists, who don’t have a lot of free time during their visit to Rome. This park offers a wide range of galleries, museums, sculptures, and other attractions. In order to see all of them you will need a full day, but it’s really worth it.
Both the villa and the surrounding park belonged to the Borghese family until the beginning of the 20th century. From the moment of the opening, the park had already changed its shape and looks a couple of times. In the 18th century, one created an artificial lake with an island. Later the island was used to erect the Temple of Esculapian – the god of the healing. One can witness the amazing temple even today.
The last massive reconstruction of the park happened in the 19th century. At that time the entire process was lead by Luigi Canina. Currently, one can see the park in its original state created almost two centuries ago.
Must visit: Borghese Gallery and National Etruscan Museum
Obviously, the villa of Borghese is the main attraction in the park. Currently, it serves as a museum with the vast collection of art objects gathered by the members of the Borghese family. The villa is considered as the sample of architecture. Unfortunately, we are not able to see the original concept of Cardinal Scipione because the villa was totally reconstructed by Marcantonio Borghese at the beginning of the 19th century.
The first level of the villa offers numerous sculptural compositions. Here you can see the antique statues, and the works of the sculptors of the 16th – 18th centuries. One really needs to see the hall with the works by the famous Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini. He was the favorite sculptor of Scipione Borghese, who made a lot of efforts to create a unique collection of the sculptures. This incredible collection offers a world of incredible grace and realism.
The second level of the villa host an art gallery. Here you can witness the original works of Tiziano, Rubens, Rafael Santi, Antonia Corregio and other famous artists.
One needs to plan a visit to Villa Borghese in advance because groups of tourists are allowed to enter the museum only once in two hours.
After buying a ticket one can visit the National Gallery of Modern Art in order not to avoid waiting in the queue. Despite the name of the Gallery, it hosts a collection of works by the famous artists of the 18-20 centuries. The gallery offers more than 5,000 objects of the art, including works of Van Gogh, Oscar-Claude Monet, Paul Cezanne, and other artists.
In order to see something more ancient, one can go to the National Etruscan Museum located in Villa Giulia that was build for Pope Julius III in the 16th century. The museum was open in the 80’s of the 19th century. The collection of the museum is constantly added to the new objects found in the region.
One can spend a memorable time in Borghese Park even without going to the museum. There’s a lot of cozy cafes, amusement rides for kids, and even a zoo. The park covers the area of 80 hectares, and one can rent a bicycle or Segway to see the most interesting places during the day.